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PCARRD reports farmers’ successes

March 20, 2010

Agri Plain Talk


October 16, 2009, 1:50pm

The 2008 annual report of the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) features a number of successful farmers using science and technology-based farming (STBF) techniques.

One of them is Fredimor G. Pueblos Sr. of De Asis, Kapatagan, Lanao del Norte, who is producing organic rice and selling the milled rice at a much higher price than the ordinary rice. Pueblos used to harvest only 3.48 tons per hectare or 69 bags per hectare with the old farming practices. Under STBF, he was able to increase his yield to 4.15 tons per hectare or 83 cavans.

He was able to get a high price for his harvest because instead of selling the palay after threshing, he had them milled through a multi-pass rice mill and selling the product as chemical-free milled rice. He was able to get 53 cavans of milled rice which he sold at P1,900 per cavan. That gave him P100,700 gross from the milled rice. Had he sold the palay after threshing, he would have gotten only P58,650 based on the going price for palay at the time of his harvest.

GARLIC FARMER. Onofre Balantac of Pasuquin, Ilocos Norte, turned to organic farming in producing native garlic. Instead of using chemical pesticide in controlling pests and diseases, he used Trichoderma. He also used organic fertilizer in place of the usual chemicals. Because of his STBF techniques, he was able to increase yield to 6,450 kilos per hectare compared to 6,080 kilos previously. He was also able to reduce his cost of production from P113,971 per hectare to P107,340. His gross sales from his organically grown garlic totaled P215,160 per hectare. With the ordinary system, the gross income per hectare is P190,028. Thus, while reducing his cost of production he was able to increase his yield and income.

PEANUT IN ISABELA. One intervention that has encouraged farmers in Jones, Isabela to go into peanut production is the introduction of the Asha variety of peanut from India. This is a high-yielding variety that has been proven to produce high yields under local conditions, especially with other interventions such as proper spacing and seeding rate, liming and gypsum application, seed inoculation, fertilizer and pest management. Farmer Roger Salvador showed in his farm that with the use of Asha variety, his yield in the first cropping in the wet season was 60 percent higher than the farmers’ variety. In the dry season, the increase in yield was 78 percent. In his third cropping, Salvador was able to get a net income of P71,700 per hectare. Salvador’s experience has impressed a lot of farmers not only from his barangay but also other communities. As a result, some 300 corn-based farmers had become interested in growing peanut in rotation with their corn crops. A practical rotation of corn-peanut-corn in corn-based farms has been developed.

Mayor Florante Raspado of Jones procured in 2008 some 3,000 kilos of Asha seeds for distribution to farmers. He wants to revive Jones as the peanut basket of Isabela.

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